Qatar, also known as the “State of Qatar”, sits on a peninsula halfway along the western shoreline of the Arabian Gulf and is almost completely surrounded by sea.It borders Saudi Arabia to the south and is separated by the sea from the United Arab Emirates in the southeast and Bahrain in the northwest. Doha is Qatar's capital and largest city and is also the country's center of administration, finance, culture, transportation, and social services.
Qatar has approximately 1.6 million people, the majority of whom live in Doha. Islam is the country’s official religion, and Arabic is the official language, although English and French is widely spoken in business. European and Asian communities reside and work in the government sector and business enterprises.
The economy is supported by Qatar's abundance of oil and natural gas reserves. The abundance of natural resources, in particular energy sources, has attracted a wide range of production and manufacturing industry, quickly establishing Qatar as a major enterprise zone. The economy in Qatar is boosted by higher world energy prices and increasing production of natural gas. Qatar’s real economy has been growing at a double-digit pace since 2004. In 2011, real GDP rose by 14.1%; making Qatar one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
Currently, there is significant ongoing investment being made to develop the country's infrastructure and economic diversification including the development of Qatar's tourism industry. Qatar will be the first and smallest Middle Eastern country to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup. Accordingly, Qatar is expected to spur an unusual wave of investment in social and industrial infrastructure. Qatar plans to invest over QR130 billion in 2011-2016 through state-run companies. The funds will go for new sporting facilities, and will also include projects relating to electricity, water desalination, water reuse, roads, railways, ports and airport development. Qatar's strong economy together with safe living conditions makes it a very attractive and excellent destination to work and invest.
Qatar’s climate is characterized by mild winters with little rain and hot, humid summers. The weather is generally pleasant during the period from December to March. In January, the weather in Doha should be pleasant and comfortable ranging from a high of 21°C to below 15°C.